Primacy of immediate reward underlying violation: Basic study on safety management

Atsuo Murata, Yukio Ohta, Makoto Moriwaka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We generally tend to discount the satisfaction induced by the consumption in the future relative to the satisfaction at present. We feel more attractive to the immediate reward even if it is not a great amount of money. This is called primacy of immediate reward. Therefore, it is possible that this property forces us to put immediate profits or rewards before those in the future especially when the incentive to immediate awards or profits is stronger. It is speculated that such a property leads to cognitive biases to commit violation, and at the worst case causes a crucial accident such as the critical mass accident at the uranium processing plant of JCO Tokai Works Test Facility. As the basis for the prevention of violation-based human error, the primacy of immediate reward was explored in detail and an attempt was made to identify the condition under which the primacy of immediate reward is dominant. The primacy of immediate reward did not always arise, and it readily occurred under the following situation: (1) very uncertain situation under which a promise is not necessarily observed, and (2) situation under which one feels much starved and need money to eat something with. It was found that the urged to gain an immediate reward readily led to time discount.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics - 12th International Conference, EPCE 2015 Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Proceedings
EditorsDon Harris
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages245-254
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783319203720
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Event12th International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, EPCE 2015 Held as Part of 17th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2015 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Aug 2 2015Aug 7 2015

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume9174
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other12th International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, EPCE 2015 Held as Part of 17th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2015
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period8/2/158/7/15

Keywords

  • Irrationality
  • Loss aversion
  • Primacy of immediate reward
  • Pursuit of immediate profit
  • Time discount
  • Violation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Murata, A., Ohta, Y., & Moriwaka, M. (2015). Primacy of immediate reward underlying violation: Basic study on safety management. In D. Harris (Ed.), Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics - 12th International Conference, EPCE 2015 Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Proceedings (pp. 245-254). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 9174). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20373-7_23