Leucocytes infiltrate into renal tissue and are involved in the pathogenesis of crescentic glomerulonephritis. The initial event in the process of leucocyte infiltration is characterized by selectin-mediated leucocyte rolling on endothelial surface. Role of selectins in pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis has still been controversial. Sulphated glycolipids and sulphated polysaccharides interfere with the binding of P- and L-selectin with carbohydrate ligands on endothelial cells or on leucocytes. Here we evaluated the role of selectins and the preventive effects of sulphated colominic acid (SCA), a synthetic sulphated polysaccharide, on experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Crescentic glomerulonephritis was induced by injection of nephrotoxic serum (NTS) in WKY rats. Rats subsequently received intraperitoneal injection of saline, neutralizing or non-neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) to rat P-selectin and L-selectin, SCA (5 or 10 mg/kg/day) or nonsulphated colominic acid (CA) (10 mg/kg/day) for 2 weeks. Localization of P-, E-selectin, ligands for L-selectin and intraglomerular leucocytes was examined by immunohistochemistry. Gene expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) B chain in glomeruli was quantified using real-time RT-PCR. P-selectin was highly expressed on glomerular endothelial cells after injection of NTS, whereas E-selectin and L-selectin ligands were not detected. Anti-P-selectin mAb, but not anti-L-selectin mAb, significantly reduced glomerular infiltration of macrophages, crescent formation, and proteinuria. SCA also reduced proteinuria, macrophage infiltration, and crescent formation in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, SCA suppressed gene expression of PDGF B chain in glomeruli. Our results indicate that P-selectin partially mediate glomerular infiltration of macrophage in experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis. Moreover, SCA may inhibit intraglomerular infiltration of macrophages by interfering with P-selectin-dependent adhesion pathway, and progression of experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis.
- Crescentic glomerulonephritis
- Platelet-derived growth factor
- Sulphated colominic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy