Prevention of Hyperglycemic Signal Pathways in Metabolic Syndrome Carotid Artery of Rats

Hiromi Kawai, Fengfeng Tian, Tomoko Kurata, Kentaro Deguchi, Toru Yamashita, Yoshio Omote, Syoichiro Kono, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Obesity is the major risk factor for metabolic syndrome and atherosclerotic cardiocerebrovascular diseases and induces insulin resistance characterized by a dysfunction of insulin to activate insulin receptor /insulin receptor substrate 1(IRS-1)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Zucker fatty rats (8 weeks) were treated with vehicle (0. 5 % methyl cellulose in physiological saline, p. o.), amlodipine (3 mg/kg/day, p. o.), atorvastatin (10 mg/kg/day, p. o.), or the combination of amlodipine plus atorvastatin (3 + 10 mg/kg/day, p. o.) for 28 days, and anti-insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)/IRS-1/PI3K/Akt pathways were evaluated. Our present immunohistochemical study first demonstrated that a combination of amlodipine plus atorvastatin treatment prevented an arteriosclerotic process compared to the single treatment with amlodipine or atorvastatin with strong recoveries of pTyr IRS-1, pPI3K, and pAkt expressions and with remarkable restraints of IGF-1 and pSer IRS-1. As a result, combination therapy with amlodipine plus atorvastatin showed a strong synergistic effect to prevent atherosclerotic processes. The present study newly suggests a synergistic benefit of combination therapy with amlodipine plus atorvastatin for strong prevention of atherosclerotic processes, which could reduce the clinical risk of cerebrovascular events for obesity patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-472
Number of pages7
JournalTranslational Stroke Research
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Amlodipine
  • Atorvastatin
  • Common carotid artery
  • Zucker fatty rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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