Obesity is the major risk factor for metabolic syndrome and atherosclerotic cardiocerebrovascular diseases and induces insulin resistance characterized by a dysfunction of insulin to activate insulin receptor /insulin receptor substrate 1(IRS-1)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Zucker fatty rats (8 weeks) were treated with vehicle (0. 5 % methyl cellulose in physiological saline, p. o.), amlodipine (3 mg/kg/day, p. o.), atorvastatin (10 mg/kg/day, p. o.), or the combination of amlodipine plus atorvastatin (3 + 10 mg/kg/day, p. o.) for 28 days, and anti-insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)/IRS-1/PI3K/Akt pathways were evaluated. Our present immunohistochemical study first demonstrated that a combination of amlodipine plus atorvastatin treatment prevented an arteriosclerotic process compared to the single treatment with amlodipine or atorvastatin with strong recoveries of pTyr IRS-1, pPI3K, and pAkt expressions and with remarkable restraints of IGF-1 and pSer IRS-1. As a result, combination therapy with amlodipine plus atorvastatin showed a strong synergistic effect to prevent atherosclerotic processes. The present study newly suggests a synergistic benefit of combination therapy with amlodipine plus atorvastatin for strong prevention of atherosclerotic processes, which could reduce the clinical risk of cerebrovascular events for obesity patients.
- Common carotid artery
- Zucker fatty rat
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine