Prevention of cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease by novel antioxidative supplements

Koh Tadokoro, Yasuyuki Ohta, Haruhiko Inufusa, Alan Foo Nyuk Loon, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) from its prodromal stage of mild cognitive impairment. There is an interplay between oxidative stress and the amyloid β (Aβ) cascade via various mechanisms including mitochondrial dysfunction, lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, glycoxidation, deoxyribonucleotide acid damage, altered antioxidant defense, impaired amyloid clearance, inflammation and chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. Based on findings that indicate that oxidative stress plays a major role in AD, oxidative stress has been considered as a therapeutic target of AD. In spite of favorable preclinical study outcomes, previous antioxidative components, including a single antioxidative supplement such as vitamin C, vitamin E or their mixtures, did not clearly show any therapeutic effect on cognitive decline in AD. However, novel antioxidative supplements can be beneficial for AD patients. In this review, we summarize the interplay between oxidative stress and the Aβ cascade, and introduce novel antioxidative supplements expected to prevent cognitive decline in AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1974
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Oxidative stress
  • Supplement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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