Myanmar has one of the highest rates of diabetes in South-East Asia. This study aimed to determine prevalence and background characteristics of diabetic peripheral neuropathy and neuropathic pain, their effect on the functioning of hands and feet, and the impact on activities of daily living in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A total of 975 participants attending the outpatient clinics of four hospitals in Myanmar were interviewed using questionnaires in the local language about pain and difficulties in daily activities. The participants also underwent tests of physical functioning of both hands and feet. There was a high prevalence rate of neuropathy (33.7%) and neuropathic pain (59.5%), with an increased risk in old age, longer duration of diabetes, and history of smoking. The common difficulties in daily activities were sleeping, climbing stairs, walking, and work or chores. Participants with diabetic neuropathic pain experienced more difficulties in specific activities using upper and lower extremities than did those without. Healthcare service in Myanmar should be focused on diabetic peripheral neuropathy, as it can lead to further disabilities.
- activities of daily living
- diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain
- diabetic peripheral neuropathy
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