Preparation of porous silica from chlorite by selective acid leaching

Kiyoshi Okada, Naoki Arimitsu, Yoshikazu Kameshima, Akira Nakajima, Kenneth J.D. MacKenzie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Porous silica was prepared by selective leaching of chlorite and the influence on the porous properties of the product of the acid type and acid concentration, solution temperature and leaching time were investigated. After leaching, only SiO2 remained, the other components being selectively leached from the sample in the order MgO < Fe2O3 < Al2O3. The specific surface area of the product obtained by H2SO4-leaching was greater than with HNO3- and HCl-leaching. The highest specific surface area (394 m2/g) was obtained by leaching the chlorite with 5 N H2SO4 at 90 °C for 1.5 h. The pore size distribution of the products showed a maximum at about 5 nm with a pore size much larger than would be expected for selective leaching of the octahedral chlorite sheets. The 29Si MAS NMR spectra of the products showed a stronger Q4 peak (related to a framework structure unit) than the Q3 peak (from a layer structure unit), suggesting the presence of a framework structure similar to silica gel rather than the original layered structure. The resultant structure of the silica product results in a lower specific surface area than found in leached vermiculite and phlogopite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-124
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acid treatment
  • Chlorite
  • Porous material
  • Selective leaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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