Preparation and photophysical properties of fluorescent difluoroboronated β-diketones having phenanthrene moieties studied by emission and transient absorption measurements

Michitaka Mamiya, Yurie Suwa, Hideki Okamoto, Minoru Yamaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Six difluoroboronated β-diketones having the phenanthrene skeleton (Phe@Ar) are prepared. Based on the measurements of the fluorescence quantum yields, lifetimes and transient absorption, the photophysical features of Phe@Ar are studied in comparison with those of difluoroboronated diketones having phenyl, naphthyl and anthryl moieties. β-Diketones having 1-, 2-, 3- and 9-phenanthryl moieties (PheDKAr) were prepared as the precursor to Phe@Ar. 1-Acetylphenanthrene was synthesized by the photocyclization method as the key building block of PheDKAr having the 1-phenanthryl moiety. The counter aromatic moieties (Ar) of the prepared PheDKAr are varied with phenyl, furyl and thienyl rings (Ar = Ph, F and T, respectively) to investigate the effects of π-conjugation on the fluorescence properties. The prepared Phe@Ars are fluorescent with appreciable fluorescence quantum yields which depend on the substitution position of the phenanthrene moiety. 3-Phe@Ph having the 3-phenanthryl moiety provides the largest fluorescence quantum yield (0.81) in acetonitrile among the Phe@Ars whereas 2-Phe@Ph having the 2-phenanthryl moiety shows the smallest fluorescence quantum yield (0.07) in acetonitrile. All the Phe@Ars show fluorescence also in the solid state, and the fluorescence spectra and quantum yields were determined. Transient absorption measurement using laser flash photolysis of the Phe@Ars revealed the triplet formation. DFT and TD-DFT calculations of Phe@Ars rationalize the dependency of the fluorescence quantum yields on the substitution position of the phenanthrene skeleton in terms of difference in the oscillator strength for the HOMO-LUMO transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-286
Number of pages9
JournalPhotochemical and Photobiological Sciences
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

phenanthrene
Quantum yield
Fluorescence
fluorescence
preparation
musculoskeletal system
Discrete Fourier transforms
acetonitrile
Substitution reactions
substitutes
Photolysis
conjugation
oscillator strengths
flash
photolysis
counters
solid state
life (durability)
Lasers
rings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

@article{cd4039b9e7cf4c7fa782e05bd88512b8,
title = "Preparation and photophysical properties of fluorescent difluoroboronated β-diketones having phenanthrene moieties studied by emission and transient absorption measurements",
abstract = "Six difluoroboronated β-diketones having the phenanthrene skeleton (Phe@Ar) are prepared. Based on the measurements of the fluorescence quantum yields, lifetimes and transient absorption, the photophysical features of Phe@Ar are studied in comparison with those of difluoroboronated diketones having phenyl, naphthyl and anthryl moieties. β-Diketones having 1-, 2-, 3- and 9-phenanthryl moieties (PheDKAr) were prepared as the precursor to Phe@Ar. 1-Acetylphenanthrene was synthesized by the photocyclization method as the key building block of PheDKAr having the 1-phenanthryl moiety. The counter aromatic moieties (Ar) of the prepared PheDKAr are varied with phenyl, furyl and thienyl rings (Ar = Ph, F and T, respectively) to investigate the effects of π-conjugation on the fluorescence properties. The prepared Phe@Ars are fluorescent with appreciable fluorescence quantum yields which depend on the substitution position of the phenanthrene moiety. 3-Phe@Ph having the 3-phenanthryl moiety provides the largest fluorescence quantum yield (0.81) in acetonitrile among the Phe@Ars whereas 2-Phe@Ph having the 2-phenanthryl moiety shows the smallest fluorescence quantum yield (0.07) in acetonitrile. All the Phe@Ars show fluorescence also in the solid state, and the fluorescence spectra and quantum yields were determined. Transient absorption measurement using laser flash photolysis of the Phe@Ars revealed the triplet formation. DFT and TD-DFT calculations of Phe@Ars rationalize the dependency of the fluorescence quantum yields on the substitution position of the phenanthrene skeleton in terms of difference in the oscillator strength for the HOMO-LUMO transition.",
author = "Michitaka Mamiya and Yurie Suwa and Hideki Okamoto and Minoru Yamaji",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1039/c5pp00454c",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "278--286",
journal = "Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences",
issn = "1474-905X",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preparation and photophysical properties of fluorescent difluoroboronated β-diketones having phenanthrene moieties studied by emission and transient absorption measurements

AU - Mamiya, Michitaka

AU - Suwa, Yurie

AU - Okamoto, Hideki

AU - Yamaji, Minoru

PY - 2016/2/1

Y1 - 2016/2/1

N2 - Six difluoroboronated β-diketones having the phenanthrene skeleton (Phe@Ar) are prepared. Based on the measurements of the fluorescence quantum yields, lifetimes and transient absorption, the photophysical features of Phe@Ar are studied in comparison with those of difluoroboronated diketones having phenyl, naphthyl and anthryl moieties. β-Diketones having 1-, 2-, 3- and 9-phenanthryl moieties (PheDKAr) were prepared as the precursor to Phe@Ar. 1-Acetylphenanthrene was synthesized by the photocyclization method as the key building block of PheDKAr having the 1-phenanthryl moiety. The counter aromatic moieties (Ar) of the prepared PheDKAr are varied with phenyl, furyl and thienyl rings (Ar = Ph, F and T, respectively) to investigate the effects of π-conjugation on the fluorescence properties. The prepared Phe@Ars are fluorescent with appreciable fluorescence quantum yields which depend on the substitution position of the phenanthrene moiety. 3-Phe@Ph having the 3-phenanthryl moiety provides the largest fluorescence quantum yield (0.81) in acetonitrile among the Phe@Ars whereas 2-Phe@Ph having the 2-phenanthryl moiety shows the smallest fluorescence quantum yield (0.07) in acetonitrile. All the Phe@Ars show fluorescence also in the solid state, and the fluorescence spectra and quantum yields were determined. Transient absorption measurement using laser flash photolysis of the Phe@Ars revealed the triplet formation. DFT and TD-DFT calculations of Phe@Ars rationalize the dependency of the fluorescence quantum yields on the substitution position of the phenanthrene skeleton in terms of difference in the oscillator strength for the HOMO-LUMO transition.

AB - Six difluoroboronated β-diketones having the phenanthrene skeleton (Phe@Ar) are prepared. Based on the measurements of the fluorescence quantum yields, lifetimes and transient absorption, the photophysical features of Phe@Ar are studied in comparison with those of difluoroboronated diketones having phenyl, naphthyl and anthryl moieties. β-Diketones having 1-, 2-, 3- and 9-phenanthryl moieties (PheDKAr) were prepared as the precursor to Phe@Ar. 1-Acetylphenanthrene was synthesized by the photocyclization method as the key building block of PheDKAr having the 1-phenanthryl moiety. The counter aromatic moieties (Ar) of the prepared PheDKAr are varied with phenyl, furyl and thienyl rings (Ar = Ph, F and T, respectively) to investigate the effects of π-conjugation on the fluorescence properties. The prepared Phe@Ars are fluorescent with appreciable fluorescence quantum yields which depend on the substitution position of the phenanthrene moiety. 3-Phe@Ph having the 3-phenanthryl moiety provides the largest fluorescence quantum yield (0.81) in acetonitrile among the Phe@Ars whereas 2-Phe@Ph having the 2-phenanthryl moiety shows the smallest fluorescence quantum yield (0.07) in acetonitrile. All the Phe@Ars show fluorescence also in the solid state, and the fluorescence spectra and quantum yields were determined. Transient absorption measurement using laser flash photolysis of the Phe@Ars revealed the triplet formation. DFT and TD-DFT calculations of Phe@Ars rationalize the dependency of the fluorescence quantum yields on the substitution position of the phenanthrene skeleton in terms of difference in the oscillator strength for the HOMO-LUMO transition.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84957991146&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84957991146&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/c5pp00454c

DO - 10.1039/c5pp00454c

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 278

EP - 286

JO - Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences

JF - Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences

SN - 1474-905X

IS - 2

ER -