An ilmenite-hematite solid solution (Fe2-x Tix O3) is one of the candidates for practical magnetic semiconductors with a high Curie temperature. We have prepared well-crystallized epitaxial Fe2-x Tix O3 films with a wide range of Ti concentrations- x=0.50, 0.60, 0.65, 0.76, 0.87, and 0.94-on α -Al2 O3 (001) substrates. The films are prepared by a reactive helicon plasma sputtering technique to evaporate Fe and TiO targets simultaneously under optimized oxygen pressure conditions. The structural characterizations of the films reveal that all films have a single phase of the ordered structure with R 3- symmetry, where Ti-rich and Fe-rich layers are stacked alternately along the c axis. All films have large ferrimagnetic moments at low temperature, and room temperature magnetization is clearly observed at x<0.7. The inverse temperature dependence of the resistivities of the films indicates their semiconducting behavior. The film resistivities decrease with decreasing Ti concentration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)