Preoperative prognostic nutritional index predicts postoperative infectious complications and oncological outcomes after hepatectomy in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Tatsuo Matsuda, Yuzo Umeda, Tadakazu Matsuda, Yoshikatsu Endo, Daisuke Sato, Toru Kojima, Kenta Sui, Masaru Inagaki, Tetsuya Ota, Masayoshi Hioki, Masahiro Oishi, Masashi Kimura, Toshihiro Murata, Nobuhiro Ishido, Takahito Yagi, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In the surgical treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), postoperative complications may be predictive of long-term survival. This study aimed to identify an immune-nutritional index (INI) that can be used for preoperative prediction of complications. Patients and methods: Multi-institutional data from 316 patients with ICC who had undergone surgical resection were retrospectively analysed, with a focus on various preoperative INIs. Results: Severe complications (Clavien-Dindo grade III–V) were identified in 66 patients (20.8%), including Grade V complications in 7 patients (2.2%). Comparison of areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) among various INIs identified the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as offering the highest predictive value for severe complications (AUC = 0.609, cut-off = 50, P = 0.008). Multivariate analysis revealed PNI < 50 (odds ratio [OR] = 2.22, P = 0.013), hilar lesion (OR = 2.46, P = 0.026), and long operation time (OR = 1.003, P = 0.029) as independent risk factors for severe complications. In comparing a high-PNI group (PNI ≥ 50, n = 142) and a low-PNI group (PNI < 50, n = 174), the low-PNI group showed higher rates of both major complications (27% vs. 13.4%; P = 0.003) and infectious complications (14.9% vs. 3.5%; P = 0.0021). Furthermore, median survival time and 1- and 5-year overall survival rates were 34.2 months and 77.4 and 33.8% in the low-PNI group, respectively, and 52.4 months and 89.3 and 47.5% in the high-PNI group, respectively (P = 0.0017). Conclusion: Preoperative PNI appears useful as an INI correlating with postoperative severe complications and as a prognostic indicator for ICC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number708
JournalBMC cancer
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma
  • Postoperative complication
  • Prognostic nutritional index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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