It is extremely important to have a good grasp of the acceptable limit of hepatectomy before operation because postoperative liver failure can take a fatal course; however, baseline data on the limit of hepatectomy have not been clearly defined. We therefore evaluated and compared the predicted remnant liver function obtained by computed tomography (CT) and technetium-99m diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid-galactosyl human serum albumin (99mTc-GSA) liver scintigraphy in order to obtain precise data regarding remnant liver function before hepatectomy. We investigated 20 patients undergoing hepatectomy using the clearance rate of indocyanine green (KICG) as a parameter, and compared the predicted postoperative KICG obtained by CT and by transaxial single-photon emission tomographic (SPET) images acquired by 99mTc GSA liver scintigraphy before hepatectomy. In GSA studies, based on time-activity curves for the heart and liver, we compared HH15 (heart activity at 15 min divided by heart activity at 3 min), LHL15 (liver activcity at 15 min divided by heart plus liver activity at 15 min) and K(L) (obtained from the time-activity curve for the liver) in 103 patients. In 58 patients without increased serum bilirubin, K(L) was compared with KICG. In four patients, occlusion of the right portal vein was performed with the aim of carrying out secondary hepatectomy, and changes in liver volume were compared between CT and 99mTc GSA liver scintigraphy. The correlation coefficient between the postoperative KICG predicted by CT and the actual postoperative KICG was rather poor, at r = 0.569 (P < 0.05); that between the postoperative KICG predicted by 99mTc GSA liver scintigraphy and the actual postoperative KICG was good, at r = 0.788 (P < 0.01); correlations between K(L) and HH15 and between K(L) and LHL15 in 103 patients were very good or good, at r = 0.906 (P < 0.001) and r = 0.807 (P < 0.001), respectively, and that between K(L) and KICG in 58 patients was very good, at r = 0.916 (P < 0.001). In all four cases of right portal vein occlusion, the remnant liver volume ratio was markedly increased after occlusion in GSA compared with CT, and the postoperative KICG predicted by GSA after occlusion was closer to the actual postoperative KICG than that predicted by CT. It is concluded that 99mTc GSA liver scintigraphy is useful for predicting remnant liver function before hepatectomy and for evaluating changes in regional liver function after occlusion of the portal vein unilaterally.
- Computed tomography
- Hepatic functional reserve
- Hepatic resectability
- Occlusion of the unilateral portal vein
- Technetium-99m galactosyl human serum albumin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging