Preoperative Controlling Nutritional Status Score Predicts Mortality after Hepatectomy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Kosei Takagi, Yuzo Umeda, Ryuichi Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise, Takuro Fushimi, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Takahito Yagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Preoperative nutritional status is reportedly associated with postoperative outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. This study aimed to investigate the significance of the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as predictors of postoperative outcomes. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from 331 patients who underwent hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma between January 2007 and December 2015. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on their CONUT score and the PNI. We evaluated the effect of the CONUT score and PNI on perioperative outcomes. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of in-hospital mortality after hepatectomy. Results: The high CONUT group had a significantly higher incidence of 30-day mortality (p < 0.001), in-hospital mortality (p = 0.002), ascites (p = 0.006), liver failure (p = 0.02), sepsis (p = 0.01), and enteritis (p < 0.001). The low PNI group was also significantly associated with 30-day mortality (p < 0.001), in-hospital mortality (p = 0.003), liver failure (p < 0.001), sepsis (p = 0.02), enteritis (p = 0.02), and hospital stay (p = 0.01). In multivariate analyses, a high CONUT score was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality after hepatectomy (hazard ratio [HR] 9.41, p = 0.038), but the PNI was not (HR 5.86, p = 0.08). Conclusions: Preoperative assessment of the CONUT score is helpful for evaluating patients' nutritional status and mortality risk after liver surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-232
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019


  • Complications
  • Hepatocellular cancer
  • Liver surgery
  • Mortality
  • Nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology


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