Prenatal diagnosis of QT prolongation by fetal magnetocardiogram - Use of QRS and T-wave current-arrow maps

Akihiko Kandori, Tsuyoshi Miyashita, Keiji Tsukada, Takayoshi Hosono, Susumu Miyashita, Yoshihide Chiba, Hitoshi Horigome, Sadahiko Shigemitsu, Mitsuhiro Asaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


To determine the T wave of a fetal magnetocardiogram (FMCG), we have evaluated the T/QRS ratio and obtained current-arrow maps that indicate weak currents. We measured FMCG signals for 52 normal fetuses and two abnormal fetuses with prolonged QT waves by using three superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) systems: a nine-channel system, a 12-channel vector system and a 64-channel system. The T/QRS ratio was calculated for all the normal fetuses from the maximum magnitudes of the QRS complex and the T wave. Current-arrow maps of the QRS complex (R wave) and T wave were obtained by using the 64-channel system, and the phase differences of the total-current vectors were calculated by using the current-arrow maps, The results showed that the T/QRS ratio had a wide variability of 0.35 for the normal fetuses. However, the magnitude of the prolonged T wave was as weak as the detection limit of the SQUID magnetometer. Although the T/QRS ratios for the fetuses with QT prolongation were within the normal range (<0.35), the weak magnitude of the prolonged T wave could be evaluated. On the other hand, by comparing the current-arrow maps of the R and T waves for the normal fetuses, we found that the maximum-current arrows were indicated as either in the same direction or in opposite directions. These patterns could be identified clearly by the phase differences. Very weak prolonged T waves for the two abnormal fetuses could be determined by using these current-arrow maps and phase differences. Consequently, although the T/QRS ratios of FMCG signals have a wide distribution, we have concluded that the current-arrow map and phase difference can be used to determine the T wave of an FMCG signal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-387
Number of pages11
JournalPhysiological Measurement
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Fetal magnetocardiogram
  • Long-QT syndrome
  • QRS ratio
  • T

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)


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