Preincubation of cumulus-oocyte complexes before exposure to gonadotropins improves the developmental competence of porcine embryos matured and fertilized in vitro

H. Funahashi, T. C. Cantley, B. N. Day

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objectives of the present study were to examine whether delayed exposure of porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) to gonadotropins affects the diameter of oocytes, the nuclear morphology of the germinal vesicle, the rate of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), and the embryonic developmental rate of inseminated oocytes following maturation and fertilization in vitro (IVM/IVF). After preincubation (experimental) or no preincubation (control) in BSA-free NCSU23 medium containing 10% porcine follicular fluid for 12 h, COCs were cultured for maturation in the same medium supplemented with gonadotropins for 20 h and then without those gonadotropins for 20 h. During the preincubation period, the nuclear morphology of the germinal vesicles became more homogeneous. Incidence of GVBD after 20 h of maturation culture was not different between the control and experimental group. When cultured in NCSU23 medium for 7 d following IVF, the incidence of embryos that developed to the blastocyst stage (23.1 ± 3.1%) was higher in the experimental group than in the control group (8.7 ± 1.2%). Blastocysts in the experimental group had a larger number of cells than control blastocysts. Following embryo transfer into the oviduct of recipient gilts, IVM/IVF embryos had elongated by Day 12 of gestation. These results indicate that preincubation of porcine COCs, before exposure to gonadotropins to induce the resumption of meiosis, increases the rate of development of IVM/IVF embryos to the blastocyst stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-686
Number of pages8
JournalTheriogenology
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Early embryonic development
  • IVF
  • IVM
  • Oocyte
  • Pig

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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