Preferential up-regulation of heparanase and cyclooxygenase-2 in carcinogenesis of Barrett's oesophagus and intestinal-type gastric carcinoma

Ryotaro Sonoda, Yoshio Naomoto, Yasuhiro Shirakawa, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Tomoki Yamatsuji, Kazuhiro Noma, Shunsuke Tanabe, Munenori Takaoka, Mehmet Gunduz, Hidetsugu Tsujigiwa, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Nobuya Ohara, Tadashi Yoshino, Kaiyo Takubo, Michael Vieth, Noriaki Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Metaplastic changes secondary to chronic inflammation at the gastro-oesophageal junction and at the pyloric antrum are recognized as the premalignant conditions of Barrett's oesophageal adenocarcinoma and intestinal-type gastric carcinoma (GC), respectively. Heparanase (HPSE) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 have been proved to play critical roles in inflammation as well as in cancer. The aim was to examine the meaning of their expression in inflammation-related carcinogenesis. Methods and results: First, expression of HPSE and COX-2 in 78 clinical tissues of Barrett's oesophagus was examined by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Their expression was increased during the metaplasia-dysplasia sequence with increased neovascularization. Successively, their expression in Barrett's dysplasia was compared with that of GC (22 cases of diffuse-type and 10 of intestinal-type). Interestingly, the expression pattern in Barrett's dysplasia was similar to that in intestinal-type GC, which mainly arises from chronic inflammation. Furthermore, cultured cell lines isolated from differentiated GC tissues, which are often found to be of intestinal-type, revealed up-regulated mRNA expression of HPSE and COX-2. Conclusions: HPSE and COX-2 are preferentially up-regulated in Barrett's oesophagus and intestinal-type GC. These molecules may play an important role during the development of inflammation-related adenocarcinoma of the upper gastrointestinal tract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-100
Number of pages11
JournalHistopathology
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Barrett's oesophagus
  • cyclooxygenase-2
  • heparanase
  • intestinal-type gastric carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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    Sonoda, R., Naomoto, Y., Shirakawa, Y., Fujiwara, Y., Yamatsuji, T., Noma, K., Tanabe, S., Takaoka, M., Gunduz, M., Tsujigiwa, H., Nagatsuka, H., Ohara, N., Yoshino, T., Takubo, K., Vieth, M., & Tanaka, N. (2010). Preferential up-regulation of heparanase and cyclooxygenase-2 in carcinogenesis of Barrett's oesophagus and intestinal-type gastric carcinoma. Histopathology, 57(1), 90-100. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2559.2010.03594.x