Background - Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is associated with proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in small pulmonary arteries. There is no therapy that specifically inhibits SMC proliferation. Recent studies reported that prednisolone (PSL) inhibits the postangioplasty proliferation of SMCs in atherosclerotic arteries. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that PSL has antiproliferative effects on pulmonary artery SMCs of patients with IPAH. Methods and Results - Pulmonary artery SMCs were harvested from the pulmonary arteries of 6 patients with IPAH who underwent lung transplantation. Control SMCs were obtained from 5 patients with bronchogenic carcinoma who underwent lung lobectomy. After incubation in the presence of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), PSL was added at different concentrations and cell proliferation was assessed by 3H-thymidine incorporation. PSL (2×10-4 and 2×10-3 mol/L) significantly inhibited PDGF-stimulated proliferation (P<0.05) of SMCs from patients with IPAH but did not affect cell viability of SMCs, as confirmed by trypan blue staining. In cell cycle analysis using a microscope-based multiparameter laser scanning cytometer, PSL inhibited the progression of SMCs from G 0/G1 to the S phase. This inhibition was associated with increased p27 expression level. PSL (2×104 mol/L) also inhibited PDGF-induced SMC migration. Conclusions - Our results indicate that PSL has an antiproliferative effect on cultured SMCs of pulmonary arteries from patients with IPAH and suggest that PSL may be potentially useful therapeutically in patients with IPAH.
- Hypertension, pulmonary
- Muscle, smooth
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)