Predictors of improved functional outcome in elderly inpatients after rehabilitation: A retrospective study

Koji Naruishi, Akiko Kunita, Katsuyuki Kubo, Toshihiko Nagata, Shogo Takashiba, Seiji Adachi

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The number of elderly inpatients has been steadily increasing worldwide. However, the ability to predict the degree of improvement of functional capacity after comprehensive examination of elderly inpatients is still lacking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictors of improved functional outcome after rehabilitation of elderly inpatients. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study with 1,079 patients (age,70 years: N=331, age $70 years: N=748) who had been admitted to Tottori Municipal Hospital. Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores were measured both at admission and discharge to calculate FIM gain and effciency. Of these patients, 262 patients had oral examinations on admission. The Mann–Whitney U-test or chi-square test was used for statistical analyses. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to compute the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confdence interval (CI). Cut-off values of FIM scores to determine if elderly inpatients were able to return home after discharge were determined using a receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: FIM scores, including FIM gain and effciency, of elderly patients were signifcantly lower than those of middle-aged patients. Inability to close the lips and dysfunctional tongue movement, but not the loss of teeth, were correlated with a reduced improvement of FIM scores. Cognitive impairment and aspiration pneumonia, but not cerebrovascular disease, were also correlated with a reduced improvement of FIM scores. Interestingly, FIM scores were signifcantly lower in patients with both cerebrovascular disease and a loss of posterior occlusion. Factors shown to have a signifcant impact on the improvement of FIM scores included the stable posterior occlusion (OR: 2.23, 95% CI: 1.2–4.1), closed lips (OR: 5.15, 95% CI: 2.3–11.7), functional tongue movement (OR: 5.74, 95% CI: 3.0–11.0), presence of cognitive impairment (OR: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.17–0.49), and presence of aspiration pneumonia (OR: 0.27, 95% CI: 0.15–0.51). Conclusion: Age and disorder of oral function may be signifcant predictors of improved functional capacity after rehabilitation for elderly inpatients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2133-2141
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 5 2014

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Keywords

  • Elderly inpatients
  • Functional independence measure (FIM)
  • Geriatric disease
  • Oral examination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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