Background: Some gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas have been reported to regress completely after the successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas without any detectable mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma that went into complete remission after successful H. pylori eradication. Patients and Methods: We examined the effect of H. pylori eradication in 15 H. pylori-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients without any evidence of an associated MALT lymphoma (clinical stage I by the Lugano classification) by endoscopic examination including biopsies, endoscopic ultrasonography, computed tomography, and bone marrow aspiration. Results: H. pylori eradication was successful in all the patients and complete remission was achieved in four patients whose clinical stage was I. By endoscopic examination, these gastric lesions appeared to be superficial. The depth by endoscopic ultrasonography was restricted to the mucosa in two patients and to the shallow portion of the submucosa in the other two patients. All four patients remained in complete remission for 7-100 months. Conclusion: In gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas without a concomitant MALT lymphoma but associated with H. pylori infection, only superficial cases and lesions limited to the shallow portion of the submucosa regressed completely after successful H. pylori eradication. The endoscopic appearance and the rating of the depth of invasion by endosonography are both valuable for predicting the efficacy of H. pylori eradication in treating gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.
- Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
- H. pylori
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging