Predictive Factors of Return Home and Return to Work for Intensive Care Unit Survivors after Traumatic Brain Injury with a Follow-up Period of 2 Years

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Abstract

Intensive care unit (ICU) survivors after traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently have serious disabili-ties with subsequent difficulty in reintegration into society. We aimed to investigate outcomes for ICU survivors after moderate to severe TBI (msTBI) and to identify predictive factors of return home (RH) and return to work (RTW). This single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted on all trauma patients admitted to the emergency ICU of our hospital between 2013 and 2017. Of these patients, adult (age ≥18 years) msTBI patients with head Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥3 were extracted. We per-formed univariate/multivariate logistic regression analyses to explore the predictive factors of RH and RTW. Among a total of 146 ICU survivors after msTBI, 107 were included (median follow-up period: 26 months). The RH and RTW rates were 78% and 35%, respectively. Multivariate analyses revealed that the predictive factors of RH were age < 65 years (P < 0.001), HR < 76 bpm (P = 0.015), platelet count ≥19 × 104/μL (P = 0.0037), D-dimer < 26 μg/mL (P = 0.034), and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score > 8 (P = 0.0015). Similarly, the predictive factors of RTW were age < 65 years (P < 0.001) and GCS score > 8 (P = 0.0039). This study revealed that “age” and “GCS score on admission” affected RH and RTW for ICU survivors after msTBI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-474
Number of pages10
Journalneurologia medico-chirurgica
Volume62
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • employment
  • ICU survivor
  • moderate to severe traumatic brain injury
  • return home
  • return to work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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