Prediction of functional recovery of 60-minute warm ischemic hearts from asphyxiated canine non-heart-beating donors

Masanori Hirota, Kozo Ishino, Ichiro Fukumasu, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Satoshi Mohri, Juichiro Shimizu, Fumihiko Kajiya, Shunji Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cardiac function of non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) is uncertain due to severe myocardial damage. We developed an isolated myocardial perfusion system to resuscitate NHBD hearts and attempted to predict functional recovery of 60-minute warm ischemic hearts by analyzing systolic and diastolic functions. Methods: Hypoxic cardiac arrest was induced in 8 mongrel dogs without any pre-treatments. After 60-minute ischemia, intracoronary microthrombi were flushed out by retrograde blood cardiopledia with tissue-type plasminogen activator. Coronary arteries were initially perfused from the aortic root with tepid hyperkalemic blood (20 mmol/liter) at low pressure (20 mm Hg) for the first 60 minutes and then with normothermic blood for the next 60 minutes. After 120 minutes of reperfusion, pre-load was increased for ejection against an after-load of 80 mm Hg. Pressure-volume loops were recorded to obtain the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR) and end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship (EDPVR). Stroke volume at a given pre-load was calculated from averaged ESPVR, EDPVR and after-load identical to an averaged baseline value. The Frank-Starling relationship was obtained and cardiac status was classified according to Forrester's hemodynamic sub-set. Results: End-systolic elastance decreased significantly to about 60% of baseline and the time constant of isovolumic relaxation was prolonged significantly by about 20%. Cardiac index was decreased to about 50% and cardiac status was classified in the Forrester III or IV sub-set. Conclusions: The extent of functional recovery of NHBD hearts is predictable by cardiac output. Although 120 minutes of recovery time may be short for 60-minute ischemic damage, this system may be feasible to predict post-transplant cardiac function before transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-344
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006

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Canidae
Blood Pressure
Starlings
Pressure
Induced Heart Arrest
Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Cardiac Output
Stroke Volume
Reperfusion
Coronary Vessels
Ischemia
Perfusion
Transplantation
Hemodynamics
Dogs
Transplants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Prediction of functional recovery of 60-minute warm ischemic hearts from asphyxiated canine non-heart-beating donors. / Hirota, Masanori; Ishino, Kozo; Fukumasu, Ichiro; Yoshida, Kazuhiro; Mohri, Satoshi; Shimizu, Juichiro; Kajiya, Fumihiko; Sano, Shunji.

In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Vol. 25, No. 3, 03.2006, p. 339-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hirota, Masanori ; Ishino, Kozo ; Fukumasu, Ichiro ; Yoshida, Kazuhiro ; Mohri, Satoshi ; Shimizu, Juichiro ; Kajiya, Fumihiko ; Sano, Shunji. / Prediction of functional recovery of 60-minute warm ischemic hearts from asphyxiated canine non-heart-beating donors. In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. 2006 ; Vol. 25, No. 3. pp. 339-344.
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abstract = "Background: Cardiac function of non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) is uncertain due to severe myocardial damage. We developed an isolated myocardial perfusion system to resuscitate NHBD hearts and attempted to predict functional recovery of 60-minute warm ischemic hearts by analyzing systolic and diastolic functions. Methods: Hypoxic cardiac arrest was induced in 8 mongrel dogs without any pre-treatments. After 60-minute ischemia, intracoronary microthrombi were flushed out by retrograde blood cardiopledia with tissue-type plasminogen activator. Coronary arteries were initially perfused from the aortic root with tepid hyperkalemic blood (20 mmol/liter) at low pressure (20 mm Hg) for the first 60 minutes and then with normothermic blood for the next 60 minutes. After 120 minutes of reperfusion, pre-load was increased for ejection against an after-load of 80 mm Hg. Pressure-volume loops were recorded to obtain the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR) and end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship (EDPVR). Stroke volume at a given pre-load was calculated from averaged ESPVR, EDPVR and after-load identical to an averaged baseline value. The Frank-Starling relationship was obtained and cardiac status was classified according to Forrester's hemodynamic sub-set. Results: End-systolic elastance decreased significantly to about 60{\%} of baseline and the time constant of isovolumic relaxation was prolonged significantly by about 20{\%}. Cardiac index was decreased to about 50{\%} and cardiac status was classified in the Forrester III or IV sub-set. Conclusions: The extent of functional recovery of NHBD hearts is predictable by cardiac output. Although 120 minutes of recovery time may be short for 60-minute ischemic damage, this system may be feasible to predict post-transplant cardiac function before transplantation.",
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AU - Hirota, Masanori

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AU - Fukumasu, Ichiro

AU - Yoshida, Kazuhiro

AU - Mohri, Satoshi

AU - Shimizu, Juichiro

AU - Kajiya, Fumihiko

AU - Sano, Shunji

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AB - Background: Cardiac function of non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) is uncertain due to severe myocardial damage. We developed an isolated myocardial perfusion system to resuscitate NHBD hearts and attempted to predict functional recovery of 60-minute warm ischemic hearts by analyzing systolic and diastolic functions. Methods: Hypoxic cardiac arrest was induced in 8 mongrel dogs without any pre-treatments. After 60-minute ischemia, intracoronary microthrombi were flushed out by retrograde blood cardiopledia with tissue-type plasminogen activator. Coronary arteries were initially perfused from the aortic root with tepid hyperkalemic blood (20 mmol/liter) at low pressure (20 mm Hg) for the first 60 minutes and then with normothermic blood for the next 60 minutes. After 120 minutes of reperfusion, pre-load was increased for ejection against an after-load of 80 mm Hg. Pressure-volume loops were recorded to obtain the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR) and end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship (EDPVR). Stroke volume at a given pre-load was calculated from averaged ESPVR, EDPVR and after-load identical to an averaged baseline value. The Frank-Starling relationship was obtained and cardiac status was classified according to Forrester's hemodynamic sub-set. Results: End-systolic elastance decreased significantly to about 60% of baseline and the time constant of isovolumic relaxation was prolonged significantly by about 20%. Cardiac index was decreased to about 50% and cardiac status was classified in the Forrester III or IV sub-set. Conclusions: The extent of functional recovery of NHBD hearts is predictable by cardiac output. Although 120 minutes of recovery time may be short for 60-minute ischemic damage, this system may be feasible to predict post-transplant cardiac function before transplantation.

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