Preclinical bioequivalence study of E.coli-derived rhBMP-2/β-TCP and autogenous bone in a canine guided-bone regeneration model

Shuji Nosho, Mitsuaki Ono, Taishi Komori, Akihiro Mikai, Ikue Tosa, Kei Ishibashi, Yukie Tanaka, Aya Kimura-Ono, Emilio S. Hara, Toshitaka Oohashi, Takuo Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 is a potent growth factor that is widely used in the orthopedic and dental fields for bone regeneration. However, recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) products have not been legally approved in Japan. Recently, our research group succeeded in producing GMP-grade rhBMP-2 using the E. coli system (E-rhBMP-2) at the industrial level and developed E-rhBMP-2 adsorbed onto β-TCP (E-rhBMP-2/β-TCP) as an alternative material to autog-enous bone grafts. Previous studies on the toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and optimal doses of E-rhBMP-2 have confirmed its safety and efficiency. However, comparative studies with standard treatment therapies are still necessary before clinical application in humans. Therefore, in this preclinical study, we compared the bone regeneration ability of E-rhBMP-2/β-TCP and autogenous bone grafts in a canine guided-bone regeneration model. Methods: Following extraction of the maxillary third premolar, box-type bone defects (10 mmL × 4 mmW × 9 mmH) were created in the extraction socket area and transplanted with E-rhBMP-2/β-TCP or autogenous bone graft in a canine. After 8 weeks, micro-CT and histological analyses were performed. Results: Transplantation of both E-rhBMP-2/β-TCP and autogenous bone graft significantly promoted bone formation compared to the non-transplantation control group. The bone formation ability of E-rhBMP-2/β-TCP was equal to that of the autogenous bone graft. Histological analysis showed that excessive infiltration of inflammatory cells and residual β-TCP particles mostly were not observed in the E-rhBMP-2/β-TCP transplantation group. Conclusion: This preclinical study demonstrated that E-rhBMP-2/β-TCP and autogenous bone have equal potential to promote bone regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-130
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BMP-2
  • Bone formation
  • Preclinical study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

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