Pre-dilution vs. post-dilution during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration: impact on filter life and azotemic control.

Shigehiko Uchino, Nigel Fealy, Ian Baldwin, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Rinaldo Bellomo

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the impact of replacement fluid infusion site on filter life and azotemic control during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH). METHODS: Pre-dilution CVVH was conducted from February 2001 to December 2001 and then practice was changed to post-dilution (from January 2002 to July 2002). Filter life was prospectively observed and the following data obtained for each filter: starting date and time, ending date and time, heparin use, heparin dose and protamine use. Daily creatinine, urea, INR, APTT and platelet count were also collected. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were studied (33 in pre-dilution and 15 in post-dilution) for a total of 309 filters (202 in pre-dilution and 107 in post-dilution). The median filter life was significantly shorter in the post-dilution period (18.0 vs. 13.0 h, p = 0.021). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that pre-dilution was a significant independent predictor of increased filter life (p = 0.029), together with platelet count (p = 0.0035) and heparin dose (p = 0.046). There was no significant improvement in daily creatinine and/or urea reduction in the post-dilution period (% Delta creatinine: 7.9 vs. 10.2%/day, p = 0.99, urea: 5.4 vs. 9.7%/ day, p = 0.78). CONCLUSIONS: Post-dilution was associated with reduced filter life without any beneficial effect on daily changes in urea and creatinine levels. Pre-dilution appears a preferable technical approach to CVVH.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNephron - Clinical Practice
Volume94
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Hemofiltration
Urea
Creatinine
Heparin
Platelet Count
Protamines
International Normalized Ratio
Linear Models
Regression Analysis

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Pre-dilution vs. post-dilution during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration : impact on filter life and azotemic control. / Uchino, Shigehiko; Fealy, Nigel; Baldwin, Ian; Morimatsu, Hiroshi; Bellomo, Rinaldo.

In: Nephron - Clinical Practice, Vol. 94, No. 4, 2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the impact of replacement fluid infusion site on filter life and azotemic control during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH). METHODS: Pre-dilution CVVH was conducted from February 2001 to December 2001 and then practice was changed to post-dilution (from January 2002 to July 2002). Filter life was prospectively observed and the following data obtained for each filter: starting date and time, ending date and time, heparin use, heparin dose and protamine use. Daily creatinine, urea, INR, APTT and platelet count were also collected. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were studied (33 in pre-dilution and 15 in post-dilution) for a total of 309 filters (202 in pre-dilution and 107 in post-dilution). The median filter life was significantly shorter in the post-dilution period (18.0 vs. 13.0 h, p = 0.021). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that pre-dilution was a significant independent predictor of increased filter life (p = 0.029), together with platelet count (p = 0.0035) and heparin dose (p = 0.046). There was no significant improvement in daily creatinine and/or urea reduction in the post-dilution period ({\%} Delta creatinine: 7.9 vs. 10.2{\%}/day, p = 0.99, urea: 5.4 vs. 9.7{\%}/ day, p = 0.78). CONCLUSIONS: Post-dilution was associated with reduced filter life without any beneficial effect on daily changes in urea and creatinine levels. Pre-dilution appears a preferable technical approach to CVVH.",
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T1 - Pre-dilution vs. post-dilution during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration

T2 - impact on filter life and azotemic control.

AU - Uchino, Shigehiko

AU - Fealy, Nigel

AU - Baldwin, Ian

AU - Morimatsu, Hiroshi

AU - Bellomo, Rinaldo

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the impact of replacement fluid infusion site on filter life and azotemic control during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH). METHODS: Pre-dilution CVVH was conducted from February 2001 to December 2001 and then practice was changed to post-dilution (from January 2002 to July 2002). Filter life was prospectively observed and the following data obtained for each filter: starting date and time, ending date and time, heparin use, heparin dose and protamine use. Daily creatinine, urea, INR, APTT and platelet count were also collected. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were studied (33 in pre-dilution and 15 in post-dilution) for a total of 309 filters (202 in pre-dilution and 107 in post-dilution). The median filter life was significantly shorter in the post-dilution period (18.0 vs. 13.0 h, p = 0.021). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that pre-dilution was a significant independent predictor of increased filter life (p = 0.029), together with platelet count (p = 0.0035) and heparin dose (p = 0.046). There was no significant improvement in daily creatinine and/or urea reduction in the post-dilution period (% Delta creatinine: 7.9 vs. 10.2%/day, p = 0.99, urea: 5.4 vs. 9.7%/ day, p = 0.78). CONCLUSIONS: Post-dilution was associated with reduced filter life without any beneficial effect on daily changes in urea and creatinine levels. Pre-dilution appears a preferable technical approach to CVVH.

AB - BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the impact of replacement fluid infusion site on filter life and azotemic control during continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH). METHODS: Pre-dilution CVVH was conducted from February 2001 to December 2001 and then practice was changed to post-dilution (from January 2002 to July 2002). Filter life was prospectively observed and the following data obtained for each filter: starting date and time, ending date and time, heparin use, heparin dose and protamine use. Daily creatinine, urea, INR, APTT and platelet count were also collected. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were studied (33 in pre-dilution and 15 in post-dilution) for a total of 309 filters (202 in pre-dilution and 107 in post-dilution). The median filter life was significantly shorter in the post-dilution period (18.0 vs. 13.0 h, p = 0.021). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that pre-dilution was a significant independent predictor of increased filter life (p = 0.029), together with platelet count (p = 0.0035) and heparin dose (p = 0.046). There was no significant improvement in daily creatinine and/or urea reduction in the post-dilution period (% Delta creatinine: 7.9 vs. 10.2%/day, p = 0.99, urea: 5.4 vs. 9.7%/ day, p = 0.78). CONCLUSIONS: Post-dilution was associated with reduced filter life without any beneficial effect on daily changes in urea and creatinine levels. Pre-dilution appears a preferable technical approach to CVVH.

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