Possible prognostic impact of WT1 mRNA expression at day + 30 after haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation with posttransplant cyclophosphamide for patients with myeloid neoplasm: a multicenter study from the Okayama Hematological Study Group

Wataru Kitamura, Nobuharu Fujii, Yuichiro Nawa, Keigo Fujishita, Hiroyuki Sugiura, Takanori Yoshioka, Yuki Fujiwara, Yoshiaki Usui, Keiko Fujii, Hideaki Fujiwara, Noboru Asada, Hisakazu Nishimori, Ken ichi Matsuoka, Yoshinobu Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have revealed that relapse of myeloid neoplasms after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) could be predicted by monitoring Wilms’ tumor 1 (WT1) mRNA expression. However, only a few studies have investigated patients who received human leukocyte antigen-haploidentical stem cell transplantation with posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY-haplo). In this study, we investigated the relationship between WT1 mRNA levels and clinical outcomes in the PTCY-haplo group, and compared them with those in the conventional graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis group (conventional group). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 130 patients who received their first allo-HSCT between April 2017 and December 2020, including 26 who received PTCY-haplo. Results: The WT1 mRNA expression level at day + 30 after allo-HSCT associated with increased risk of 1-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) was ≥ 78 copies/μg RNA in the conventional group (p < 0.01) and ≥ 50 copies/μg RNA in the PTCY-haplo group (p = 0.03). Conclusions: The appropriate cutoff level of WT1 mRNA at day + 30 after allo-HSCT for predicting prognosis in patients treated with PTCY-haplo may be < 50 copies/μg RNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-524
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of hematology
Volume115
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Minimal residual disease
  • Myeloid neoplasm
  • Posttransplant cyclophosphamide
  • Wilms’ tumor 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Possible prognostic impact of WT1 mRNA expression at day + 30 after haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation with posttransplant cyclophosphamide for patients with myeloid neoplasm: a multicenter study from the Okayama Hematological Study Group'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this