Possible origin of two variants of a carnation 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase gene, DcACS1a and DcACS1b, as suggested by intron structure in homologous genes in Dianthus species

Shigeru Satoh, Na Meng, Taro Harada, Yoshihiro Nomura, Masaya Kawarada, Shigeto Morita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The intron structures of two variants of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase (ACS) genes (DcACS1a and DcACS1b) in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) and genes homologous to them (ACS1 homologous genes) in other 10 Dianthus species (16 strains in total) were studied by comparing the sizes of the PCR amplificates and nucleotide sequence of the introns. All 16 sequenced homologous ACS1 genes, including DcACS1 genes themselves, had five exons and four introns. The exons had similar nucleotide sequences and consequently similar deduced amino-acid sequences. The sizes of three introns (intron-1, -2, -3) were variable among the homologous genes, whereas that of the fourth intron (intron-4) was almost identical. The variation in introns was probably caused by the insertion (and deletion) of nucleotide fragments of given lengths. Interestingly, the 3'-UTR of DcACS1a was different from that of DcACS1b, and the latter was similar to other 14 ACS1 homologous genes. Moreover, the length of Thr repeat in the C-terminal region was long in DcACS1a protein but short in DcACS1b protein, and the latter resembled ACS1 homologous proteins in other Dianthus species. The present findings suggest that (1) the variation in intron structure between two variants of carnation DcACS1 is reminiscent of the variation that occurred universally in Dianthus species, (2) DcACS1a is probably a gene intrinsic to carnation, and (3) DcACS1b was acquired from another, as yet unknown, Dianthus species, in the course of breeding modern carnation cultivars. JSHS

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-451
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ACS1 homologous genes
  • Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase
  • Carnation
  • Dianthus species
  • Intron variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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