The microscopic property of magnetic vortices in the mixed state of a high-quality CeRu2 crystal has been studied by muon spin rotation. We have found that the spatial distribution of magnetic induction B(r) probed by muons is perfectly described by the London model for the triangular vortex lattice with appropriate modifications to incorporate the high-field cutoff around the vortex core and the effect of long-range defects in the vortex lattice structure at lower fields. The vortex core radius is proportional to H(β-1)/2 with β≃0.53 (H being the magnetic field), which is in good agreement with the recently observed nonlinear field dependence of the electronic specific heat coefficient γ∝Hβ. In particular, the anomalous increase of magnetic penetration depth in accordance with the peak effect in dc magnetization (≥H*≃3 T at 2.0 K) has been confirmed; this cannot be explained by the conventional pair-breaking effect due to magnetic field. In addition, the spontaneous enhancement of flux pinning, which is also associated with the peak effect, has been demonstrated microscopically. These results strongly suggest the onset of collective pinning induced by a new vortex state having an anomalously enhanced quasiparticle density of states for H≥H*.
|Number of pages||20206816|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics