We observed broadband snow albedos in the visible and the near infrared spectral regions with snow pit works of several-day intervals, during the winters of 2001/2002 and 2002/2003 at Shinjo, Japan. We examined the dependence of albedos on snow grain size and on concentration of snow impurities, comparing observations and theoretical calculations using a radiative transfer model for atmosphere-snow system. The comparisons revealed that the snow was contaminated by strong absorptive impurities such as soot additional to moderate absorptive impurities such as mineral dust. Snow albedo reduction after snowfalls (snow aging effect on albedo) observed in both spectral regions corresponded to the growth tendency of snow grains and the increasing concentration of snow impurities with elapsed time after snowfalls. Measurement of the atmospheric aerosols above the snow surface using a laser optical particle counter suggested that wet deposition of atmospheric aerosols caused snow impurities of more than 1 ppmw in mass concentration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atmospheric Science