Poor applicability of estimation method for adults to calculate unbound serum concentrations of valproic acid in epileptic neonates and infants

S. Ueshima, T. Aiba, N. Ishikawa, T. Sato, H. Kawasaki, Y. Kurosaki, Y. Ohtsuka, T. Sendo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To characterize the relationship between total and unbound concentrations of valproic acid (VPA) in epileptic neonates and infants, the clinical examination records of those patients archived via therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) activities were retrospectively analyzed. Methods: The screening encompassed 249 records of 114 epileptic patients aged 0-19 years old, who were treated with VPA monotherapy and whose total and unbound VPA concentrations were determined. These data were divided into groups according to the patients' age. In each group, the relationship between total and unbound VPA concentrations was compared to a reference profile, and the deviation from the reference was evaluated. The reference profile was calculated using the Langmuir equation, in which two parameters Kd and Bm were set to 7·8 and 130 μg/mL, respectively, according to our previous findings. Results: The relationship between total and unbound VPA concentrations of patients of 0 years old considerably deviated from the reference, and their unbound VPA concentrations were generally higher compared to the corresponding reference values. It is suggested that the large deviation is related to the fact that the serum albumin concentrations of patients younger than 1 year old tend to be lower than those of patients in other age groups. Conclusion: Since the relationship between the VPA concentrations of epileptic neonates and infants is noticeably different from the reference, the unbound serum VPA concentrations of these patients are not adequately estimated using the same method as that for grown-ups. The unbound VPA concentrations of neonates and infants should be explicitly determined via TDM activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-422
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Neonates
  • Therapeutic drug monitoring
  • Unbound concentration
  • Valproic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Poor applicability of estimation method for adults to calculate unbound serum concentrations of valproic acid in epileptic neonates and infants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this