Oligomeric and polymeric flavan-3-ols were obtained by chromatographic fractionation of extracts from Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. The structure of the polymeric constituent, cynomoriitannin, was characterized using spectral and chemical data. Results from acid-catalyzed degradation indicated that cynomoriitannin is a polymeric proanthocyanidin predominantly composed of epicatechin, together with low proportions of epicatechin-3-O-gallate and catechin as extension units. The terminal unit was chiefly composed of catechin, with an admixture of epicatechin. Size exclusion chromatographic analysis demonstrated a mean polymerization degree of 14. Two new phloroglucinol adducts (cynomoriitannin-phloroglucinol adducts A and B) obtained by acid-catalyzed degradation of cynomoriitannin in the presence of phloroglucinol were characterized using spectral analyses. Six oligomeric flavan-3-ols were also identified as follows: procyanidin B3, catechin-(6'-8)-catechin, catechin-(6′-6)-catechin, epicatechin-(4β-8)- epicatechin-(4β-8) -catechin, epicatechin-(4β-6)-epicatechin-(4β-8)-catechin, and arecatannin A1, respectively. These flavan-3-ols were isolated from C. songaricum. This is the first time that this procedure has been described. The antibacterial activity of the fractions and constituents was tested against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The crude acetone-water (7:3) extract had moderate activity against MRSA. Cynomoriitannin was the most effective of the plant constituents against MRSA.
- Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.
- antibacterial effect
- methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, phloroglucinol adducts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)