Polymerization of highly purified Tetrahymena 14-nm filament protein/citrate synthase into filaments and its possible role in regulation of enzymatic activity

Tetsuya Takeda, Yasuhiro Kurasawa, Yoshio Watanabe, Osamu Numata

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Tetrahymena 14-nm filament protein (49K protein) is a bifunctional protein with roles in the cytoskeleton and as citrate synthase. Previous studies in our laboratory showed that elongation factor 1α (EF-1α) copurifies with the 49K protein upon polymerization and depolymerization of the 49K protein. In this study, the 49K protein was isolated from partially purified 49K protein fraction containing EF-1α. Using the purified 49K protein and/or purified EF-1α, the interaction between 49K protein and EF-1α in filament formation was investigated electronmicroscopically and it was demonstrated that purified 49K protein was capable of forming 14-nm filaments without EF-1α. The 49K protein/citrate synthase has been suggested to form filaments in mitochondria. Here we show that the citrate synthase activity of 49K protein is decreased by polymerization and increased by depolymerization, suggesting a possible modulating mechanism of citrate synthase activity by monomer-polymer conversion in mitochondria in situ

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-874
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biochemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes



  • 14-nm filament
  • 14-nm filament protein/citrate synthase
  • Citrate synthase activity
  • EF-1α
  • Tetrahymena

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

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