Polymer/carbon nano fiber composite fibers

Satish Kumar, Tetsuya Uchida, Thuy Dang, Xiefei Zhang, Young Bin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nano fibers (typical diameter 50 to 200 nm) and nanotubes are being used for reinforcing polymers. Carbon nano fibers (CNFs) have been blended in poly(p-phenelyene benzobisthiazole) (PBZT) by in situ polymerization, and fibers were spun using dry-jet wet spinning. In addition, CNF morphology has been studied using high resolution transmission electron microscopy both in the pristine fiber as well as in the PBZT/CNF composite. In our previous work, CNFs have been dispersed in polypropylene (PP), poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) by melt blending and fibers spun from them using conventional melt spinning conditions. Results of these melt spinning studies will be reviewed. In all four matrices, nano fibers show good dispersion. PP and PMMA composites containing carbon nano fibers exhibit improved modulus as compared to the pristine polymeric fiber from the parent matrix processed under comparable conditions. PMMA/CNF composite fibers also exhibit significantly reduced thermal shrinkage when compared to the control PMMA fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2343-2354
Number of pages12
JournalInternational SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings)
Volume49
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004
Event49th International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition: Materials and Processing Technology - 60 Years of SAMPE Progress, SAMPE 2004 - Long Beach, CA, United States
Duration: May 16 2004May 20 2004

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Keywords

  • Advanced Composites
  • Carbon Nano Fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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