Polymer-brush-decorated graphene oxide: precision synthesis and liquid-crystal formation

Kohji Ohno, Chenzhou Zhao, Yuta Nishina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Given the specificity of the structure and function of graphene oxide (GO), hybridization with a variety of compounds will further extend its applications. To that end, we examined a new method for introducing a polymer brush onto the GO surface. In this method, GO was surface-modified with 2-((3-((2-bromo-2-methylpropanoyl)oxy)propyl)thio)ethylamine hydrochloride, which is a newly synthesized compound that contains an initiating group for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and an amino group for reacting with the epoxy groups on the GO surface. The ATRP-initiator-functionalized GO was then used as a substrate for the surface-initiated ATRP of methyl methacrylate (MMA), which produced graft polymers of poly(MMA) (PMMA) with targeted molecular weights and narrow molecular weight distributions; the average graft density was ∼0.06 chains/nm2. Because of their high dispersibilities and structural anisotropies, the PMMA-brush-decorated GOs formed lyotropic liquid crystals in their suspensions. In addition, similar suspensions with relatively high hybrid concentrations exhibited structural color that depended on the concentration.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLangmuir
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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