Polymer-brush-decorated graphene oxide: precision synthesis and liquid-crystal formation

Kohji Ohno, Chenzhou Zhao, Yuta Nishina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Given the specificity of the structure and function of graphene oxide (GO), hybridization with a variety of compounds will further extend its applications. To that end, we examined a new method for introducing a polymer brush onto the GO surface. In this method, GO was surface-modified with 2-((3-((2-bromo-2-methylpropanoyl)oxy)propyl)thio)ethylamine hydrochloride, which is a newly synthesized compound that contains an initiating group for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and an amino group for reacting with the epoxy groups on the GO surface. The ATRP-initiator-functionalized GO was then used as a substrate for the surface-initiated ATRP of methyl methacrylate (MMA), which produced graft polymers of poly(MMA) (PMMA) with targeted molecular weights and narrow molecular weight distributions; the average graft density was ∼0.06 chains/nm2. Because of their high dispersibilities and structural anisotropies, the PMMA-brush-decorated GOs formed lyotropic liquid crystals in their suspensions. In addition, similar suspensions with relatively high hybrid concentrations exhibited structural color that depended on the concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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