Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis (MAH) is a pathogen that causes various non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases in humans and animals worldwide. Among the genus, MAH is characterized by relatively slow growth. Here, we isolated a rapidly growing variant of the MAH 104 strain. The variant strain (named N104) exhibited an enhanced growth rate and higher motility compared to the parent MAH 104 strain (P104). Whole-genome sequencing analysis of N104 revealed the loss of the stop codon of MAV_RS14660 due to a single nucleotide replacement, resulting in the substitution of the codon for tryp-tophan. Notably, exclusion of the stop codon ligated the open reading frames and caused the fusion of two adjacent proteins. A revertant parent strain, in which a mutation was introduced to restore the stop codon, revealed that elimination of the stop codon in MAV_RS14660 was responsible for the N104 phenotype. Furthermore, we analysed the phenotypes of the parent and mutated strains by determining the functions of the MAV_RS14660 and MAV_RS14655 coding regions flanking the stop codon. The mutant strains, expected to express a fusion protein, exhibited increased resistance to antimicrobial drugs and exogenous copper toxicity compared to that of the parent strains. These findings suggest that the fusion of the MAV_RS14660-and MAV_RS14655-encoding regions in the mutant N104 strain could be related to the modified functions of these intrinsic proteins.
- Growth rate
- Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis
- Single nucleotide replacement
- Sliding motility
ASJC Scopus subject areas