Pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and chest tube placement after radiofrequency ablation of lung tumors: Incidence and risk factors

Takao Hiraki, Nobuhisa Tajiri, Hidefumi Mimura, Kotaro Yasui, Hideo Gobara, Takashi Mukai, Soichiro Hase, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Toshihiro Iguchi, Yoshifumi Sano, Nobuyoshi Shimizu, Susumu Kanazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the incidence of and risk factors for pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and chest tube placement for pneumothorax after radiofrequency (RF) ablation of lung tumors. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained, with waiver of informed consent. This retrospective study comprised 224 ablation sessions for 392 tumors in 142 patients (92 men, 50 women; mean age, 64.0 years). Multiple variables were analyzed by using the Student t test or the Mann-Whitney U test for numerical values and by using the χ2 test or the Fisher exact test for categorical values in order to assess risk factors for pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and chest tube placement for pneumothorax. Results: The incidence of pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and chest tube placement for pneumothorax was 52% (117 of 224 sessions), 19% (42 of 224 sessions), and 21% (24 of 117 sessions), respectively. For pneumothorax, risk factors included male sex (P = .030), no history of pulmonary surgery (P < .001), a greater number of tumors ablated (P < .001), involvement of the middle or lower lobe (P = .008), and increased length of the aerated lung traversed by the electrode (P = .014). For pleural effusion, risk factors included the use of a cluster electrode (P = .008), decreased distance to the nearest pleura (P = .040), and decreased length of the aerated lung traversed by the electrode (P = .019). For chest tube placement for pneumothorax, risk factors included no history of pulmonary surgery (P = .002), the use of a cluster electrode (P < .001), and involvement of the upper lobe (P < .001). Conclusion: Pneumothorax and pleural effusion can occur after RF ablation in patients with lung tumors, and chest tube placement for pneumothorax is sometimes required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-283
Number of pages9
JournalRadiology
Volume241
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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