Pleiotropic effects of sex-determining genes in the evolution of dioecy in two plant species

Takashi Akagi, Deborah Charlesworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One reason for studying sex chromosomes of flowering plants is that they have often evolved separate sexes recently, and the genomes of dioecious species may not yet have evolved adaptations to their changes from the ancestral state. An unstudied question concerns the relative importance of such adaptation, versus the effects of the mutations that led to separate sexes in the first place. Theoretical models for such an evolutionary change make the prediction that the mutations that created males must have sexually antagonistic effects, not only abolishing female functions, but also increasing male functions relative to the ancestral functional hermaphrodites. It is important to test this critical assumption. Moreover, the involvement of sexual antagonism also implies that plant sex-determining genes may directly cause some of the sexual dimorphisms observed in dioecious plants. Sex-determining genes are starting to be uncovered in plants, including species in the genera Diospyros and Actinidia (families Ebenaceae and Actinidiaceae, respectively). Here, we describe transgenic experiments in which the effects of the very different male-determining genes of these two dioecious species were studied in a non-dioecious plant, Nicotiana tabacum. The results indeed support the critical assumption outlined above.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalProceedings. Biological sciences
Volume286
Issue number1913
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 23 2019

Fingerprint

dioecy
Genes
gene
gender
mutation
Actinidiaceae
hermaphrodite
genes
antagonism
Ebenaceae
sexual dimorphism
Diospyros
Actinidia
angiosperm
chromosome
sex chromosomes
genome
Mutation
Sex Chromosomes
Nicotiana tabacum

Keywords

  • dioecy
  • female suppressor
  • inflorescence architecture
  • sexual antagonism
  • transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Pleiotropic effects of sex-determining genes in the evolution of dioecy in two plant species. / Akagi, Takashi; Charlesworth, Deborah.

In: Proceedings. Biological sciences, Vol. 286, No. 1913, 23.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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