Plastic Bronchitis in a Five-Year-Old Boy Treated Using Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation; a Case Report

Tsuyoshi Nojima, Hiromichi Naito, Takafumi Obara, Kohei Tsukahara, Atsunori Nakao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon disorder marked by the production of bronchial casts and acute respiratory failure development. In pediatric cases, influenza infection sometimes results in the obstruction of bronchi and leads to this potentially life-threatening condition. We report the case of a five-year-old boy with plastic bronchitis related to influenza A infection, which could only be recovered by the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). ECMO could effectively provide sufficient oxygenation for patients suffering from severe reversible acute respiratory failure. If patients infected with the influenza virus present acute respiratory distress with total lung atelectasis, clinicians should consider the diagnosis of plastic bronchitis and the subsequent treatment interventions with ECMO in a severe cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Academic Emergency Medicine
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Bronchitis
  • Influenza A virus
  • extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • respiratory distress syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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