Pick's disease with neuronal four-repeat tau accumulation in the basal ganglia, brain stem nuclei and cerebellum

Chikako Ikeda, Osamu Yokota, Tomoko Miki, Shintaro Takenoshita, Hideki Ishizu, Yoko Mori, Kiyohiro Yamazaki, Yuki Ozaki, Shu Ichi Ueno, Takeshi Ishihara, Masato Hasegawa, Seishi Terada, Norihito Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is very rare that cases of Pick's disease, a representative three-repeat (3R) tauopathy, also have significant four-repeat (4R) tau accumulation. Here, we report a Pick's disease case that clinically showed behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia without motor disturbance during the course, and pathologically had 3R tau-positive Pick bodies as well as numerous 4R tau-positive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCIs). Abundant 3R tau-positive 4R tau-negative spherical or horseshoe-shaped Pick bodies were found in the frontotemporal cortex, limbic region, striatum and pontine nucleus. On the other hand, many 4R tau-positive, 3R tau-negative, Gallyas-negative dot-, rod- or intertwined skein-like NCIs were found mainly in the subthalamic nucleus, pontine nucleus, inferior olivary nucleus and cerebellar dentate nucleus. Tufted astrocytes, astrocytic plaques, argyrophilic grains or globular glial inclusions were absent. Double-labeling immunofluorescence demonstrated that 3R tau was hardly accumulated in 4R tau-positive inclusions. On tau immunoblotting, while 60 and 64 kDa bands were demonstrated in the frontal cortex, 60, 64 and 68 kDa bands, as well as the 33 kDa tau fragments that are reported to be characteristic of progressive supranuclear palsy brains, were found in the basal ganglia and cerebellum. No mutation was identified in the tau gene. The present case suggests that, although probably rare, some Pick's disease cases have non-negligible 4R tau pathology in the subcortical nuclei, and that such 4R tau pathology can affect the evaluation of the distribution of AT8-positive tau pathology in Pick's disease cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-559
Number of pages16
JournalNeuropathology
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Pick's disease
  • behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia
  • four-repeat tau
  • progressive supranuclear palsy
  • three-repeat tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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