We have examined several physiological variables related to salinity acclimation in the euryhaline tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. Tilapia reared in fresh water (FW) were transferred to FW, isosmotic salinity (ISO, 12‰%) and 75% seawater (SW, 25‰). Oxygen consumption, plasma levels of cortisol, growth hormone (GH), prolactins (tPRL177 and tPRL188), glucose, ions (Na+, K+, Cl-), and gill Na+,K+-ATPase activities were measured for up to 4 days in each salinity treatment. Plasma Na+ and Cl- concentrations were elevated 1 day after transfer to SW, but returned to FW values on day 4. Plasma cortisol and glucose levels were higher in FW and ISO than in SW 1 day after transfer. Plasma GH levels of tilapia in SW increased above FW and ISO values after 4 days, whereas plasma PRL levels decreased in ISO and SW compared to FW at 4 days. These results are consistent with the possible osmoregulation roles of GH and PRL in SW and FW, respectively. Gill Na+,K+-ATPase activity of tilapia in SW increased more than 2-fold over the FW value after 4 days, but activity of this enzyme did not change in ISO. Oxygen consumption rates of tilapia in SW were significantly elevated 4 days after transfer compared to FW and ISO. The results of this study indicate that the physiological changes associated with SW acclimation in tilapia represents a significant short-term energetic cost, and may account for as much as 20% of total body metabolism after 4 days in SW.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1997|
- gill Na
- growth hormone
- oxygen consumption
ASJC Scopus subject areas