We numerically study the physical properties of quasiperiodic superconductors with the aim of understanding superconductivity in quasicrystals. Considering the attractive Hubbard model on the Penrose tiling as a simple theoretical model, we calculate various basic superconducting properties and find deviations from the universal values of the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory with a constant density-of-states approximation. In particular, we find that the jump of the specific heat at the superconducting transition is about 10%-20% smaller than that universal value, consistent with the experimental results obtained for the superconducting Al-Mg-Zn quasicrystalline alloy. Furthermore, we calculate current-voltage characteristics and find that the current gradually increases with the voltage on the Penrose tiling in contrast to a rapid increase in the periodic system. These distinctions originate from the nontrivial Cooper pairing characteristic of the quasiperiodic system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics