Photophysical and photochemical features of [3n]cyclophanes (3nCPs) (n = 2-6) in solution were investigated by emission and transient absorption measurements. The studied 3nCPs show excimer fluorescence without locally excited fluorescence whereas some of them emit excimer phosphorescence in rigid glass at 77 K. The probability of excimeric phosphorescence from transannular π-electron systems was shown to strictly depend on the symmetric molecular structures. A feature of intersystem crossing from an excimeric fluorescence state to the excimeric triplet state was observed. Transient absorption spectra obtained upon laser flash photolysis of 3nCP revealed formation of the triplet excimer states. Triplet sensitization of 33CP using xanthone as the sensitizer demonstrated formation of triplet 33CP via triplet energy transfer whereas from the xanthone ketyl radical formation, it was inferred that triplet xanthone undergoes H atom abstraction from 32CP, providing a benzylic 32CP radical as the counter species. Based on kinetic and spectroscopic data obtained upon laser flash photolysis, differences in photochemical reactions of triplet xanthone between 32CP and 33CP were discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry