Photoperiodic modulation of circadian rhythms in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus

Mika Koga, Hiroshi Ushirogawa, Kenji Tomioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The waveform and the free-running period of circadian rhythms in constant conditions are often modulated by preceding lighting conditions. We have examined the modulatory effect of variable length of light phase of a 24 h light cycle on the ratio of activity (α) and rest phase (ρ) as well as on the free-running period of the locomotor rhythm in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus. When experienced the longer light phases, the α/ρ-ratio was smaller and the free-running period was shorter. The magnitude of changes in α/ρ-ratio was dependent on the number of cycles exposed, while the free-running period was changed by a single exposure, suggesting that there are separate regulatory mechanisms for the waveform and the free-running period. The neuronal activity of the optic lobe showed the α/ρ-ratio changing with the preceding photoperiod. When different photoperiodic conditions were given to each of the two optic lobe pacemakers, the α/ρ-ratio of a single pacemaker was rather intermediate between those of animals treated with either of the two conditions. These results suggest that the storage of the photoperiodic information occurs at least in part in the optic lobe pacemaker, and that the mutual interaction between the bilateral optic lobe pacemakers is involved in the photoperiodic modulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-690
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Volume51
Issue number6 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005

Keywords

  • Circadian rhythm
  • Circadian waveform
  • Cricket
  • Pacemaker coupling
  • Photoperiod

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Insect Science

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