Photon energy dependence of graphitization threshold for diamond irradiated with an intense XUV FEL pulse

J. Gaudin, N. Medvedev, J. Chalupský, T. Burian, S. Dastjani-Farahani, V. Hájková, M. Harmand, Harald Olaf Jeschke, L. Juha, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Krzywinski, R. A. Loch, S. Moeller, M. Nagasono, C. Ozkan, K. Saksl, H. Sinn, R. Sobierajski, P. SovákS. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, M. Toufarová, T. Tschentscher, V. Vorlíček, L. Vyšín, H. Wabnitz, B. Ziaja

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied experimentally and theoretically the structural transition of diamond under an irradiation with an intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet laser (XUV) pulse of 24-275 eV photon energy provided by free-electron lasers. Experimental results obtained show that the irradiated diamond undergoes a solid-to-solid phase transition to graphite, and not to an amorphous state. Our theoretical findings suggest that the nature of this transition is nonthermal, stimulated by a change of the interatomic potential triggered by the excitation of valence electrons. Ultrashort laser pulse duration enables to identify the subsequent steps of this process: electron excitation, band gap collapse, and the following atomic motion. A good agreement between the experimentally measured and theoretically calculated damage thresholds for the XUV range supports our conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number060101
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 7 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Gaudin, J., Medvedev, N., Chalupský, J., Burian, T., Dastjani-Farahani, S., Hájková, V., Harmand, M., Jeschke, H. O., Juha, L., Jurek, M., Klinger, D., Krzywinski, J., Loch, R. A., Moeller, S., Nagasono, M., Ozkan, C., Saksl, K., Sinn, H., Sobierajski, R., ... Ziaja, B. (2013). Photon energy dependence of graphitization threshold for diamond irradiated with an intense XUV FEL pulse. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 88(6), [060101]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.88.060101