Photoemission study of the metal-insulator transition in VO 2/TiO2(001): Evidence for strong electron-electron and electron-phonon interaction

K. Okazaki, H. Wadati, A. Fujimori, M. Onoda, Y. Muraoka, Z. Hiroi

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99 Citations (Scopus)


We have made a detailed temperature-dependent photoemission study of VO2/TiO2(001) thin films, which show a metal-insulator transition at ∼300 K. Clean surfaces were obtained by annealing the films in an oxygen atmosphere. Spectral weight transfer between the coherent and incoherent parts accompanying the metal-insulator transition was clearly observed. We also observed a hysteretic behavior of the spectra for heating-cooling cycles. We have derived the "bulk" spectrum of the metallic phase and found that it has a strong incoherent part. The width of the coherent part is comparable to that given by band-structure calculation in spite of its reduced spectral weight, indicating that the momentum dependence of the self-energy is significant. This is attributed to by ferromagnetic fluctuation arising from Hund's rule coupling between different d orbitals as originally proposed by Zylbersztejn and Mott. In the insulating phase, the width of the V 3d band shows strong temperature dependence. We attribute this to electron-phonon interaction and have reproduced it using the independent boson model with a very large coupling constant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165104
Pages (from-to)165104-1-165104-7
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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