The multiple layers of a TiO2 thin film, consisting of a TiO2 thin film, a platinum electrode and a porous alumina substrate, were prepared by the sol-gel method in a previous study. As a sputtering process has some advantages over wet-chemical processes, especially for practical manufacturing, a thin film photocatalyst with the same layer structure was prepared by the reactive-sputtering method in this study. The TiO2 thin film of the photoactive anatase phase was formed by using an appropriate gas pressure and temperature, however, the crystallite size of anatase was almost twice as large and the band gap energy was slightly smaller than those of the sol-gel-processed thin film. The sputtering-processed thin film showed a typical columnar structure with some voids. The lower band gap energy and the coarse structure probably promoted the recombination between photoexcited electrons and holes, and resulted in lower photocatalytic activity and photocurrent compared with the sol-gel-processed thin film.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry