Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase mediates the sweet suppressive effect of leptin in mouse taste cells

Ryusuke Yoshida, Robert F. Margolskee, Yuzo Ninomiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Leptin is known to selectively suppress neural and taste cell responses to sweet compounds. The sweet suppressive effect of leptin is mediated by the leptin receptor Ob-Rb, and the ATP-gated K+ (KATP) channel expressed in some sweet-sensitive, taste receptor family 1 member 3 (T1R3)-positive taste cells. However, the intracellular transduction pathway connecting Ob-Rb to KATP channel remains unknown. Here we report that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) mediates leptin's suppression of sweet responses in T1R3-positive taste cells. In in situ taste cell recording, systemically administrated leptin suppressed taste cell responses to sucrose in T1R3-positive taste cells. Such leptin's suppression of sucrose responses was impaired by co-administration of PI3K inhibitors (wortmannin or LY294002). In contrast, co-administration of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 inhibitor (Stattic) or Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase-2 inhibitor (SHP099) had no effect on leptin's suppression of sucrose responses, although signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 and Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase-2 were expressed in T1R3-positive taste cells. In peeled tongue epithelium, phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate production and phosphorylation of AKT by leptin were immunohistochemically detected in some T1R3-positive taste cells but not in glutamate decarboxylase 67-positive taste cells. Leptin-induced phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate production was suppressed by LY294002. Thus, leptin suppresses sweet responses of T1R3-positive taste cells by activation of Ob-Rb–PI3K–KATP channel pathway. (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • energy homeostasis
  • leptin signaling
  • metabolic sensor
  • obesity
  • sweet receptor cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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