Phonological processing of Japanese Kanji and Chinese characters in bilingual Japanese: AAn fMRI study

Jingjing Yang, Xiujun Li, Qi Li, Xinwei Xiao, Dan Tong, Qiong Wu, Jinglong Wu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Reading in a second language (L2) is a complex task that entails an interaction between L2 and the native language (L1). Previous studies have suggested that bilingual subjects recruit the neural system of their logographic L1 (Chinese) reading and apply it to alphabetic L2 (English) reading. These findings have lent strong support to the idea that language experience shapes the cortex. Whether languages of the same writing system such as Japanese Kanji and Chinese characters, would also utilize the same neural substrates is still unclear. In this study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to visualize Japanese-Chinese bilinguals' brain activity in phonological processing of Japanese Kanji (L1) and Chinese characters (L2), two written languages with highly similar orthography. In the experiment, the subjects were asked to judge whether two Japanese Kanji (or Chinese characters) presented at the left and right side of the fixation point rhymed with each other. A font size decision task was used as a control task, where the subjects judged whether the two Japanese Kanji (or Chinese characters) had an identical physical size. Subjects indicated a positive response by pressing the key corresponding to the index finger and a negative response by pressing the key corresponding to the middle finger of their right hand. The result showed that our bilingual Japanese subjects have large overlaps in the neural substrates for phonological processing of both native and second language. Our finding supports the idea that the neural systems of second language reading are shaped by native language.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1098-1103
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509067572
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 23 2017
Event14th IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2017 - Takamatsu, Japan
Duration: Aug 6 2017Aug 9 2017

Other

Other14th IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2017
CountryJapan
CityTakamatsu
Period8/6/178/9/17

Keywords

  • Brain activation
  • Chinese
  • FMRI
  • Network
  • Orthographic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Optimization
  • Instrumentation
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Phonological processing of Japanese Kanji and Chinese characters in bilingual Japanese: AAn fMRI study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this