Phase transition of wadsleyite-ringwoodite in the Mg2SiO4-Fe2SiO4 system

Noriyoshi Tsujino, Takashi Yoshino, Daisuke Yamazaki, Moe Sakurai, Wei Sun, Fang Xu, Yoshinori Tange, Yuji Higo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Fe-bearing wadsleyite-ringwoodite phase transition loop under dry conditions in a temperature range of 1473 and 1873 K was determined by in situ X-ray diffraction experiments at the synchrotron facility SPring-8. Pressure at high temperature was precisely determined within a 0.23 GPa error using in situ X-ray diffraction of MgO as a pressure standard. Under dry conditions, assuming an equilibrium chemical composition of wadsleyite and ringwoodite coexisting with garnet in a pyrolite model and an adiabatic temperature gradient with a potential temperature of 1550-1650 K, the phase transition depth and effective width of the seismic discontinuity were found to be 500-514 and 20-22 km, respectively. This effective width, which is three times greater than that of the olivine-wadsleyite phase boundary, can reflect a seismic wave of approximately 0.25 Hz. The wider transition loop between wadsleyite and ringwoodite could create a broad seismic discontinuity. Considering wet and oxidized conditions, the depth of the wadsleyite-ringwoodite phase boundary could be greater than 520 km assuming the small temperature dependency on water and oxygen fugacity effects. Variation in the depth of seismic anomaly may be attributed to water content or oxygen fugacity of the transition zone.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)588-594
    Number of pages7
    JournalAmerican Mineralogist
    Volume104
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

    Keywords

    • Mantle
    • in-situ experiments
    • phase boundary loop
    • ringwoodite
    • wadsleyite

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geophysics
    • Geochemistry and Petrology

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