Phase transformation behavior of Ti-10Mo-7Al alloy with heat treatment

Masataka Ijiri, Yoshito Takemoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel phenomenon recently observed in the tempering of Ti-4Fe-7Al alloy, has attracted considerable attention. This phenomenon is induced by the β→a" transformation during tempering, and its noteworthy features are rapid hardening and a shape change in a U-shaped specimen. It is of interest whether this phenomenon occurs in other alloy systems. In this study, Ti-10Mo-7Al alloy, which contains a quantity of molybdenum corresponding to the lower β limit, was prepared and its micro- structure, aging behavior, and shape change during tempering were investigated. An acicular a" martensites were observed preferentially at the β grain boundaries in the quenched specimen, but it became invisible at the optical microscope level upon tempering. However, TEM (transmission electron microscopy) observation of the tempered specimen revealed nano size marten- sites instead of micron-size martensites. The novel phenomenon observed in the tempering of Ti-4Fe-7Al, was also confirmed to occur in Ti-10Mo-7Al alloy. In the heating of a U-shaped specimen, shape recovery occured first, then a shape return into a U-shape followed, and a curvature progressed more with increasing of temperature. As a result, the phenomenon was clarified to be a universal one. The transformation mechanism through tempering is explained as follows: Though aluminum addition to β - Alloy raises the Ms chemically, on the other hand, it causes a remarkable solution strengthening, which increases shear stress required for martensite transformation, and decreases the apparent Ms. Consequently, the β phase is maintained by a rapid cooling. However, temperature rise decreases the shear stress, and the apparent Ms increases to a chemically intrinsic one. If the Ms increases beyond the tempering temperature, martensite transformation occurs abruptly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-473
Number of pages6
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume79
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

Fingerprint

tempering
Tempering
phase transformations
heat treatment
Phase transitions
Heat treatment
martensite
Martensite
shear stress
Shear stress
Molybdenum
optical microscopes
Aluminum
hardening
Temperature
molybdenum
temperature
Hardening
Grain boundaries
Microscopes

Keywords

  • A-martensite
  • Age hardening
  • M temperature
  • Shape recovery
  • Shear stress
  • Tempering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Phase transformation behavior of Ti-10Mo-7Al alloy with heat treatment. / Ijiri, Masataka; Takemoto, Yoshito.

In: Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals, Vol. 79, No. 9, 01.09.2015, p. 468-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A novel phenomenon recently observed in the tempering of Ti-4Fe-7Al alloy, has attracted considerable attention. This phenomenon is induced by the β→a{"} transformation during tempering, and its noteworthy features are rapid hardening and a shape change in a U-shaped specimen. It is of interest whether this phenomenon occurs in other alloy systems. In this study, Ti-10Mo-7Al alloy, which contains a quantity of molybdenum corresponding to the lower β limit, was prepared and its micro- structure, aging behavior, and shape change during tempering were investigated. An acicular a{"} martensites were observed preferentially at the β grain boundaries in the quenched specimen, but it became invisible at the optical microscope level upon tempering. However, TEM (transmission electron microscopy) observation of the tempered specimen revealed nano size marten- sites instead of micron-size martensites. The novel phenomenon observed in the tempering of Ti-4Fe-7Al, was also confirmed to occur in Ti-10Mo-7Al alloy. In the heating of a U-shaped specimen, shape recovery occured first, then a shape return into a U-shape followed, and a curvature progressed more with increasing of temperature. As a result, the phenomenon was clarified to be a universal one. The transformation mechanism through tempering is explained as follows: Though aluminum addition to β - Alloy raises the Ms chemically, on the other hand, it causes a remarkable solution strengthening, which increases shear stress required for martensite transformation, and decreases the apparent Ms. Consequently, the β phase is maintained by a rapid cooling. However, temperature rise decreases the shear stress, and the apparent Ms increases to a chemically intrinsic one. If the Ms increases beyond the tempering temperature, martensite transformation occurs abruptly.",
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