Phase separation in a binary mixture confined between symmetric parallel plates: Capillary condensation transition near the bulk critical point

Shunsuke Yabunaka, Ryuichi Okamoto, Akira Onuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate phase separation of near-critical binary mixtures between parallel symmetric walls in the strong adsorption regime. We take into account the renormalization effect due to the critical fluctuations using the recent local functional theory. In statics, a van der Waals loop is obtained in the relation between the average order parameter ŒψŒ in the film and the chemical potential when the temperature T is lower than the film critical temperature Tcca (in the case of an upper critical solution temperature). In dynamics, we lower T below the capillary condensation line from above Tcca. We calculate the subsequent time development assuming no mass exchange between the film and the reservoir. In the early stage, the order parameter ψ changes only in the direction perpendicular to the walls. For sufficiently deep quenching, such one-dimensional profiles become unstable with respect to the fluctuations varying in the lateral directions. The late-stage coarsening is then accelerated by the hydrodynamic interaction. A pancake domain of the phase disfavored by the walls finally appears in the middle of the film.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032405
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume87
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 19 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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