Phase behavior and size variation of Na-AOT-based W/O microemulsions by increasing NaOH concentration in the water pool

Jun Oshitani, Shiho Takashina, Mikio Yoshida, Kuniaki Gotoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated how the increase of NaOH concentration in the water pool affects the phase behavior and size of Na-AOT-based W/O microemulsions. A mixture of NaOH aqueous solution/Na-AOT/isooctane was emulsified by changing the NaOH concentration CNaOH at a water content w0 = [water]/[AOT-] = 10. FT-IR measurements demonstrated that the amount of water in the upper phase of the emulsified mixtures decreases with increasing CNaOH to form a lower phase, whereas the amount of AOT- in the upper phase remains nearly constant. Substituting NaCl for NaOH resulted in the corresponding phase behavior, indicating that the phase separation is due to the increase of not pH but Na+ concentration. Possible mechanism for the phase separation is discussed by focusing on screening effect of Na+ counterions on electrostatic repulsions between AOT- polar headgroups. The apparent water content w0, estimated using the amount of water and AOT- in the upper phase, decreases with increasing CNaOH. DLS measurement showed that the upper phase contains single-nanometer W/O microemulsions and the size decreases with increasing CNaOH with progress of the phase separation. Measurements of FT-IR and DLS were also carried out for W/O microemulsions prepared with pure water by changing the water content w0. Wavenumber positions of hydroxyl and sulfonate groups were determined by FT-IR measurements. Interestingly, the dependence of wavenumber positions and size on w0 agrees with those on w0, which indicates that variation of W/O microemulsion's property with progress of the phase separation corresponds to the variation with decreasing the water content to prepare W/O microemulsions with pure water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-557
Number of pages4
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2009

Keywords

  • Phase separation
  • Polar headgroup
  • Screening effect
  • Water content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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