PH-Dependent Regulation of Electron Flow in Photosystem II by a Histidine Residue at the Stromal Surface

Tomoyuki Kobayashi, Yuichiro Shimada, Ryo Nagao, Takumi Noguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In photosystem II (PSII), the secondary plastoquinone electron acceptor QB functions as a substrate that converts into plastoquinol upon its double reduction by electrons abstracted from water. It has been suggested that a histidine residue, D1-H252, which is located at the stromal surface near QB, is involved in the pH-dependent regulation of electron flow and proton transfer to QB. However, definitive evidence for the involvement of D1-H252 in the QB reactions has not been obtained yet. Here, we studied the roles of D1-H252 in PSII using a cyanobacterial mutant, in which D1-H252 was replaced with Ala. Delayed luminescence (DL) measurement upon a single flash showed a faster QB- decay at higher pH in the thylakoids from the wild-type strain due to the downshift of the redox potential of QB [Em(QB-/QB)]. This pH dependence of the QB- decay was lost in the D1-H252A mutant. The experimental Em(QB-/QB) changes were well reproduced by the density functional theory calculations for models with different protonation states of D1-H252 and with Ala replaced for H252. It was further shown that the period-four oscillation of the DL intensity by successive flashes was significantly diminished in the D1-H252A mutant, suggesting the inhibition of plastoquinone exchange at the QB pocket in this mutant. It is thus concluded that D1-H252 is a key amino acid residue that regulates electron flow in PSII by sensing pH in the stroma and stabilizes the QB binding site to facilitate the quinone exchange reaction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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