Peritoneovenous shunting for refractory ascites results in worsening of nephrotic syndrome

Akinobu Takaki, Yohei Maeshima, Takahito Yagi, Akihiro Katayama, Norikazu Hinamoto, Shigeru Akagi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Takeshi Tomoda, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Fusao Ikeda, Yasuhiro Miyake, Haruhiko Kobashi, Atsushi Hirano, Hirofumi Makino, Kazuhide Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peritoneovenous shunt (PVS) is accepted as a treatment for refractory ascites due to liver cirrhosis. Infection is a well-known complication of shunting. However, the effects of PVS in terms of complications for renal disease are unclear. We encountered a case involving a 52-year-old man with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and complications of nephrotic syndrome that were worsened by PVS. He received PVS for refractory ascites due to alcoholic liver cirrhosis before coming to our hospital for evaluation for liver transplantation. Nephrotic syndrome was then identified due to cirrhosis-related membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). Prednisolone was administrated at 60mg/day for MPGN. On day 5, he showed grade IV hepatic encephalopathy (West Haven criteria). Tapering prednisolone and intestinal cleansing with lactulose treatment improved hepatic encephalopathy, but hyperammonemia persisted and the PVS was removed. After shunt removal, urinary protein levels decreased from 4-6g/day to 0.3-0.5g/day and ammonia levels decreased. PVS may increase the excretion of urinary protein and increase ammonia levels in patients with complications of glomerulonephritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1048-1053
Number of pages6
JournalHepatology Research
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Peritoneovenous shunt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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